Historical Events and Current Affairs on April 14

1028 :German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
1191 :85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
1471 :Battle of Barnet-King Edward IV vs Earl of Warwick
1536 :English king Henry VIII expropriate minor monasteries
1544 :Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
1570 :Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
1574 :Battle of Mookerhei-D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau
1611 :Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
1614 :Pocahontas, daughter of chief Powhatan, marries planter John Rolfe
1629 :England & France sign Peace of Susa
1671 :Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin
1756 :Gov Glen of SC protests against 900 Acadia indians
1775 :1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila
1777 :NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
1792 :France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
1799 :Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
1809 :Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
1814 :Napoleon abdicated & was banished to Elba
1818 :US Medical Corp forms
1828 :18-gun sloop "Acorn" sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
1828 :1st edition of Noah Webster's dictionary published
1836 :Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
1841 :Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue," published
1847 :Persia & Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
1853 :Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
1859 :Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" published
1860 :1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo
1861 :Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter
1861 :Robert E Lee resigns from Union army
1862 :Battle of Ft Pillow TN
1863 :William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
1865 :Mobile, Alabama is captured
1865 :Pres Abraham Lincoln shot in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth
1868 :SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
1871 :Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
1872 :Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act
1872 :San Francisco organizes Bar Association
1883 :Leo Delibes' opera "Lakm‚," premieres in Paris
1887 :Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires" (BG)
1890 :Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Wash DC)
1894 :Thomas Edison presents "peep show" device
1895 :1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
1896 :John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres (NYC)
1900 :President Loubet opens International Fairs in Paris
1900 :Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
1902 :JC Penney opens his 1st store, in Kemmerer, Wyo
1902 :Marie & Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium
1903 :Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
1904 :George Bernard Shaw's "Candida," premiered in London
1906 :Pres Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press
1909 :Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
1912 :Pan American Union forms
1913 :Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
1914 :Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
1915 :A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
1915 :Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
1917 :Chic White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns, 11-0
1918 :Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
1920 :Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama & Mississippi
1921 :Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
1922 :Republic rebels occupies 4 govt courts in Dublin
1923 :Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
1928 :Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
1930 :Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premieres in NYC
1931 :Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
1932 :Bizet, Massine & Mir˘'s "Jeux d'Enfants," premieres in Monte Carlo
1935 :Sandstorm ravages US midwest (Dust Bowl)
1939 :John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published
1940 :Allied troops land in Norway
1940 :RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
1941 :1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
1941 :King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
1942 :Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast
1943 :Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis
1943 :James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World," premieres in NYC
1944 :1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
1944 :Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
1944 :Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet
1944 :Greek Colonel Venizelos forms govt
1945 :American planes bombed Tokyo & damaged the Imperial Palace
1945 :Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis
1945 :US 7th Army & allies forces captured Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
1945 :US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1945 :US marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
1946 :"Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 perfs
1946 :Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR
1948 :A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
1948 :NYC subway fares jump from 5› to 10›
1949 :International Military Tribunal at Neurenberg's last judgment
1950 :1st edition of British strip "Eagle"
1950 :Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
1953 :Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
1953 :WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
1954 :Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
1955 :Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
1955 :WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 :"Plain & Fancy" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 476 perfs
1956 :Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder
1958 :Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere
1959 :(Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Wash DC
1959 :KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 :"Bye Bye Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 607 performances
1960 :1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
1961 :1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
1961 :Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
1961 :US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
1962 :Demonstration for sovereign status of New-Guinea in Amsterdam
1962 :Georges Pompidou becomes president of France
1963 :George Harrison is impressed by unsigned group "Rolling Stones"
1967 :Gen Gnassingbe Eyadema becomes president of Togo
1967 :In the Vietnam War, US planes bombed Haiphong for 1st time
1967 :Red Sox rookie Billy Rohome comes within 1 strike of a no hitter at
1967 :Yankee Stadium, Elston Howard singles on a 3-2 pitch
1968 :Roberto de Vicenzo loses Masters for signing an incorrect score card
1969 :KEET TV channel 13 in Eureka, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 :Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College
1969 :Tornado strikes Dacca East Pakistan killing 540
1970 :"Boy Friend" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 119 performances
1971 :Fort Point, SF dedicated as a national historic site
1971 :President Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China
1971 :Stephen Sondheim's musical "Follies," premieres in NYC
1971 :Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
1972 :"That's Entertainment" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 4 performances
1973 :Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he
1973 :destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal
1977 :Supreme Court says people may refuse to display state motto on license
1978 :David Hare's "Plenty," premieres in London
1978 :Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia
1978 :WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM
1979 :Susan Horvath, of Penn, crowned America's Young Woman of the Year
1980 :1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida
1980 :Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Executioner's Song)
1981 :1st Space Shuttle-Columbia 1-returns to Earth
1983 :Isles tie own rec with 2 shorthanded playoff goals in a pd vs Ranger
1983 :Pres Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue
1983 :Rangers 1-Isles 4-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 1-0 lead
1984 :Farewell concert of "Doe Maar" in Den Bosch Neth
1985 :"Take Me Along!" opens/closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1985 :Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Wash Caps 1st playoff penalty shot
1985 :Caps 4-Isles 6-Patrick Div Semifinals-Series tied at 2-2
1985 :Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive "Jarvik 7" permanent artificial heart
1986 :21st Academy of Country Music Awards: G Strait, Alabama, R McEntire
1986 :Desmond Tutu elected Anglican archbishop of Capetown
1986 :Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200
1986 :US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
1987 :Turkey asks to join European market
1988 :"Mail" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 36 performances
1988 :Devils 6-5 over Islanders-Devils take 1st round 4-2
1988 :USSR, US, Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
1989 :1,100,000,000th Chinese born
1989 :In the Iran-Contra trial, Oliver North's case goes to the jury
1991 :"Mule Bone" closes at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC after 67 perfs
1991 :"Oh, Kay!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
1991 :to lose in 1st round of the playoffs (To Minn North Stars)
1992 :"Guys & Dolls" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 1143 performances
1992 :"Les Miserables," opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
1992 :Court throws out Apple's lawsuit against Microsoft
1992 :UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc
1992 :UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect
1994 :Billy Joel & Christie Brinkley announces plans to divorce
1994 :Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after
1994 :completion of his Seven Seals manuscript
1994 :Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis operated on for a bleeding ulcer
1994 :NJ Devils end best regular season, 47-25-12 record for 106 points
1994 :US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die
1996 :"Apple Doesn't Fall" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 1 performance
2002 :66th Golf Masters Championship:



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