Historical Events and Current Affairs on January 21

1077 :German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
1189 :Philip II, Henry II & Richard Lion hearted initiate 3rd Crusade
1276 :Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
1324 :Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon
1522 :Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
1542 :Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
1604 :Tsar Ivan IV defeats False Dmitri, who claims to be the true tsar
1664 :Count Mikls of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
1677 :1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston
1732 :Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
1789 :1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy," is published
1793 :Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty (Poland divided)
1799 :Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination is introduced
1813 :Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
1818 :Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
1821 :Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
1824 :Ashantees defeat British at Accra, West Africa
1827 :Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing
1830 :Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
1846 :1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"
1853 :Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
1861 :Jefferson Davis of Mississippi & 4 other southern senators resign
1863 :City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
1874 :Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa," premieres in Vienna
1879 :Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem," premieres in Copenhagen
1880 :1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis
1887 :Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
1890 :1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
1901 :Clyde Fitch's "Climbers," premieres in NYC
1903 :"Wizard of Oz," premieres in NYC
1903 :Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam
1903 :International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
1904 :Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa," premieres in Brno
1907 :Kenora Thistles sweep Mont Wanderers in 2 for Stanley Cup
1908 :August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten," premieres in Stockholm
1908 :NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
1910 :British-Russian military intervention in Persia
1913 :Aristide Briand forms French govt
1915 :Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
1919 :Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland
1922 :1st slalom ski race run, Mrren, Switzerland
1925 :Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe pres
1926 :Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
1927 :1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)
1929 :Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End," premieres in London
1932 :USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty
1935 :12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)
1935 :WFI-AM in Philadelphia Penn merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
1935 :Wilderness Society forms
1938 :Dutch govt starts obligatory unemployment insurance
1939 :George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way," premieres in NYC
1940 :Foreign correspondents in Netherlands under censorship
1941 :1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
1941 :1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
1941 :Australia & Britain attack Tobruk Libya
1941 :British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
1942 :Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
1942 :Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
1942 :Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
1942 :Tito's partisans occupy Foca
1943 :Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
1943 :Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
1943 :Vice-admiral Cunningham appointed Brit adm of fleet
1944 :447 German bombers attack London
1944 :649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
1945 :British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
1946 :"Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
1947 :"Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances
1947 :Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel
1948 :W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
1949 :1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
1950 :"Lend an Ear" closes at National Theater NYC after 460 performances
1950 :NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury
1950 :T S Eliot's "Cocktail Party," premieres in NYC
1952 :Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India
1953 :John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State
1954 :1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
1956 :"Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden NYC after 849 perfs
1956 :William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of New Yorker
1957 :KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 :KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 :Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn't happen)
1960 :Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
1960 :Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook S Afr, 417 die of methane poisoning
1961 :"Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 8 performances
1961 :KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, ID (NBC) begins broadcasting
1961 :Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
1962 :JFK arrives in Uruguay
1962 :Snow falls in SF
1964 :Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency
1965 :Persians premier Ali Mansoer injured
1966 :Beatle George Harrison marries model Patti Boyd
1967 :AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-23
1968 :AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 25-24
1968 :NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-20
1968 :US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland
1970 :Panama Boeing 747 1st flight NY-London
1971 :"Alias Smith & Jones" premieres on ABC TV
1972 :Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh terr
1972 :Belgium govt of Eyskens-Cools forms
1972 :Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union
1972 :Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory
1973 :Leslie Nielson appears on M*A*S*H in "Ringbanger"
1974 :Gold hits record $161.31/silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
1976 :Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France
1977 :Italy legalizes abortion
1977 :Pres Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders
1978 :Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album goes #1 for 24 weeks
1979 :Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)
1979 :Price of gold increases to record $875 troy oz
1979 :Superbowl MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB
1979 :Superbowl XIII: Pitts Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami
1980 :Gold hits record $850 an ounce
1980 :Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89' 3" basketball field goal
1981 :"Shakespeare's Cabaret" opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 54 performances
1981 :Bernhard Goetz is assault for 1st time on a NY subway train
1982 :"Little Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 36 performances
1983 :Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht
1983 :making country eligible for US military aid
1983 :Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased
1985 :-19F (-28C), Caesar's Head, South Carolina (state record)
1985 :-34F (-37C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)
1985 :Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java
1986 :100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38F (3C), Indiana
1986 :Allison J Brown, 17, of Oklahoma, crowned 4th Miss Teen USA
1986 :Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed
1987 :BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to U of Mississippi
1988 :US accept immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children
1989 :A woman is assaulted & raped in room of an Okla football player
1989 :Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL's 2nd all time scorer
1990 :John McEnroe becomes 1st ever expelled from Australian Open; for
1990 :throwing a tantrum & swearing at an official
1991 :Asteroid #230 Athamantis eclipses star SAO 156876
1991 :CBS News correspondant Bob Simon captured by Iraqis in Persian Gulf
1993 :Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder
1994 :Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)
1994 :Lorena Bobbitt found temporarily insane of chopping off spouse's penis
1995 :52th Golden Globes: Forrest Gump, Tom Hanks, Jessica Lange
1996 :53th Golden Globes: Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman, John Travolta
1998 :Pope John Paul II visits Cuba



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