Historical Events and Current Affairs on March 19

1227 :Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
1452 :Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor
1524 :Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas
1540 :Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
1563 :Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
1571 :Spanish troops occupy Manila
1628 :Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen
1644 :200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide
1682 :Nationally Council accept independence of French church
1702 :James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England
1748 :English Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize US
1775 :4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
1775 :Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
1799 :Joseph Haydn's "Die Schpfung," premieres in Vienna
1803 :Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina," premieres in Weimar
1822 :Boston, Mass incorporated as a city
1831 :1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)
1859 :Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
1864 :Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
1865 :Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
1866 :Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
1870 :The opera "Guarany," premieres in Milan
1883 :Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
1885 :Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional govt, Sask
1892 :3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket Eng v SA (Cape Town)
1895 :Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
1906 :Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi," premieres in Munich
1907 :18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
1914 :Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
1915 :Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
1917 :US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
1918 :Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
1918 :S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
1920 :ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
1920 :US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to
1925 :Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop
1927 :Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
1928 :"Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
1930 :Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
1931 :Nevada legalizes gambling
1937 :Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
1938 :Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
1940 :Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
1940 :French govt of Daladier, falls
1941 :Jimmy Dorsey & Orch record "Green Eyes" & "Maria Elena"
1942 :FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty
1942 :Thoroughbred Racing Assn of US formed in Chicago
1943 :Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
1944 :Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time," premieres in London
1945 :800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
1945 :Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree: destruction of German facilities
1945 :British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
1945 :Hitler orders all German factories destroyed
1945 :US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
1946 :Fr Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Runion become overseas depts
1946 :Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as president of USSR
1947 :Belgian govt of Spaak, forms
1947 :Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan
1948 :Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at MSG, NYC
1949 :1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn
1950 :City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
1951 :Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny," published
1953 :25th Academy Awards - "Greatest Show on Earth," Gary Cooper & Shirley
1953 :Booth win (1st time televised)
1953 :Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real," premieres in NYC
1954 :1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in MSG, NYC
1954 :1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, NM
1954 :US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1954 :US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
1954 :Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete tons in innings v England
1955 :17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63
1957 :Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
1958 :Britain's 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London
1958 :Sobers completes a century in each innings v Pakistan
1959 :"1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances
1960 :"Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances
1960 :22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats Calif 75-55
1962 :"All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
1962 :Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
1964 :Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger"
1965 :Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
1965 :Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000
1965 :Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
1966 :"Pousse Cafe" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 3 performances
1966 :28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Ky 72-65
1966 :Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
1967 :Fr Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
1968 :Howard University students seize administration building
1969 :British invade Anguilla
1969 :Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
1970 :W German chancellor & E German premier Willy Brandt meet
1971 :Phila 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half
1972 :"To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 173 perfs
1972 :India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
1972 :LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts
1973 :Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
1974 :Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
1975 :"Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
1975 :Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
1976 :Princess Margaret separates from the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years
1977 :"Side by Side by Sondheim" closes at Music Box NYC after 390 perfs
1977 :France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1977 :Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
1978 :50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
1979 :House of Reps begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN
1981 :-21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
1981 :2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
1981 :Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4
1982 :National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
1984 :"Kate & Allie," premieres
1984 :John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of NY
1984 :KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
1984 :Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
1984 :Pitcher Denny McLain, indicted on various charges of racketeering
1984 :STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 :"Spin Magazine" begins publishing
1985 :Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile
1987 :Bonnie Blair skates ladies world record 500 m (39.43 sec)
1987 :Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
1987 :Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago
1987 :PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn
1987 :Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85)
1988 :2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast North Ireland
1988 :Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25)
1989 :Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
1989 :Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova & S Ponomarenko (USR)
1989 :Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva & S Grinkov (USSR)
1989 :Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
1989 :Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)
1991 :KC Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers
1991 :NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona
1991 :Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day
1992 :"Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
1992 :British Prince Andrew & Princess Sarah Ferguson announce separation
1993 :Ice Dance Championship at Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS)
1993 :Ice Pairs Championship at Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
1993 :Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire
1994 :2500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde Neth
1994 :Lara scores 167 for WI v England at Georgetown
1994 :Largest omelet (1,383 ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama Japan
1994 :NJ Devils club record 41st win of the season
1995 :"Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 25 performances
1995 :"Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances
1995 :5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
1995 :Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new area code 520
1995 :Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)
1995 :Finland Social-Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
1995 :Michael Jordan rejoins Chic Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers
1995 :Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
1996 :Winnie Mandela divorces Nelson after 38 years of marrage
1997 :Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER)
1997 :Major League Baseball announces 5 year/$50M deal with Pepsi
1997 :Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
1998 :"Ah Wilderness!," opens at Vivian Beaumont theater



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